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Pala International has consistently earned its reputation as the direct source for the finest colored stones.

Natal Stones

Pala Presents title image

Natal Stones

Sentiments and Superstitions Associated with Precious Stones

by George Frederick Kunz

 

With Pala Presents, we offer selections from the library of Pala International’s Bill Larson, who shares with us some of the wealth of information in the realm of gems and gemology. The following edition of this book was first published by Tiffany & Co. in 1909. Illustrations are taken from Pala International’s Featured Stones.

 

Natal Stones title page image

The Jewish superstitions relating to gems were probably derived from earlier races and adopted by the Arabian philosophers in their works, by which they became known throughout Europe. The influence of gems was believed in until early in the 17th century, and in regard to some gems up even to the present century.

The association of a special gem with each month was probably suggested by the original breastplate of the High Priest, which contained twelve gems, one for each of the tribes of Israel. The original breastplate was a span long and a span high: 1 span = 8 inches. The arrangement by months came in vogue during the 15th and 16th centuries, but was first suggested in the seventh century, although it is attributed to the Jews, Romans, and early Arabians.

Aaron’s Breastplate

3
Emerald
2
Peridot
1
Carnelian
6
Onyx
5
Lapis-lazuli
4
Ruby
9
Quartz
8
Agate
7
Sapphire
12
Jasper
11
Beryl
10
Topaz

 

Topaz Group photo image
Topaz suite – November’s natal stone: Pink cushion 4.97 ct (Inventory #17535), imperial cushion 22.49 ct (Inventory #17513), rose tapered emerald cut 4.76 ct (sold), golden cushion 53.80 ct (Inventory #1643), yellow emerald cut 4.11 ct (Inventory #5070), light blue emerald cut 9.76 ct (Inventory #8679), blue pear shape 10.74 ct (not inventoried). (Photo: Mia Dixon)

Natal Stones of Various Nations and Periods

Month Jews Romans 635 A.D.
Isidorus,
Bishop of
Seville
Arabians Poles Russians Italians 18th to 20th
Century
Jan. Garnet Garnet Hyacinth Garnet Garnet Garnet
Hyacinth
Jacinth
Garnet
Hyacinth
Garnet
Feb. Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst Amethyst
Hyacinth
Pearl
Mch. Jasper Bloodstone Jasper Bloodstone Bloodstone Jasper Jasper Jasper
Bloodstone
April Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Sapphire Diamond Sapphire Sapphire Diamond
Sapphire
May Chalcedony
Carnelian
Agate
Agate Agate Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate Emerald
Agate
June Emerald Emerald Emerald Agate
Chalcedony
Pearl
Agate
Chalcedony
Agate
Chalcedony
Emerald Cats-Eye
Emerald
Turquoise
Agate
July Onyx Onyx Onyx Carnelian Ruby Ruby
Sardonyx
Onyx Turquoise
Onyx
Aug. Carnelian Carnelian Carnelian Sardonyx Sardonyx Alexandrite Carnelian Sardonyx
Carnelian
Moonstone
Topaz
Sept. Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Sardonyx Chrysolite Chrysolite Beryl
Chrysolite
Oct. Aquamarine Beryl Aquamarine Beryl Aquamarine Beryl Aquamarine Beryl Aquamarine Beryl Beryl Beryl Aquamarine Beryl
Pearl
Nov. Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz Topaz
Pearl
Dec. Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby Turquoise Turquoise
Chrysoprase
Ruby Ruby
Bloodstone

Sentiments Associated with Stones

Agate Health, Wealth and Longevity.
Alexandrite Undying Devotion.
Amethyst Deep Love. Prevents Intoxication.
Beryl Happiness and Everlasting Youth.
Bloodstone Courage and Wisdom.
Carnelian Prevents Misfortune.
Cat’s-eye Warns of Danger and Troubles.
Chalcedony Disperses Melancholy.
Chrysolite Gladdens the Heart.
Chrysoprase Eloquence.
Diamond Purity. Preserves Peace. Prevents Storms.
Emerald Immortality. Conquers Sin and Trial.
Garnet Insures Power, Grace and Victory to the Wearer.
Hyacinth Gives Second Sight.
Jacinth Modesty.
Jade Good Fortune.
Jasper Courage and Wisdom.
Moonstone (Sacred Stone of the Orient.) Good Luck.
Onyx Conjugal Felicity
Opal Hope, Innocence, Purity.
Pearl Purity and Innocence.
Ruby Charity, Dignity and Divine Power.
Sapphire Constancy, Truth and Virtue.
Sardonyx Conjugal Felicity. Prevents Misfortune.
Topaz Friendship and Fidelity.
Turquoise Prosperity. Soul-cheerer.

Sentiments of the Months

January

  • Natal Stone Garnet.
  • Guardian Angel Gabriel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Onyx.
  • Special Apostle Simon Peter.
  • Zodiacal Sign Aquarius.
  • Flower Snowdrop.

    No gems save garnets should be worn
    By her who in this month is born;
    They will insure her constancy,
    True friendship and fidelity.

    The gleaming garnet holds within its sway
    Faith, constancy and truth to one alway.

February

  • Natal Stone Amethyst.
  • Guardian Angel Barchiel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Jasper.
  • Special Apostle Andrew.
  • Zodiacal Sign Pisces.
  • Flower Primrose.

    The February-born may find
    Sincerity and peace of mind,
    Freedom from passion and from care,
    If she an amethyst will wear.

    Let her an amethyst but cherish well
    And strife and care can never with her dwell.

March

  • Natal Stones Jasper, Bloodstone.
  • Guardian Angel Malchediel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Ruby.
  • Special Apostle James and John.
  • Zodiacal Sign Aries.
  • Flowers Ipomœa, Violet.

    Who on this world of ours her eyes
    In March first opens may be wise,
    In days of peril firm and brave,
    Wears she a bloodstone to her grave.

    Who wears a jasper, be life short or long,
    Will meet all dangers, brave and wise and strong.

April

  • Natal Stones Diamond, Sapphire.
  • Guardian Angel Ashmodei.
  • His Talismanic Gem Topaz.
  • Special Apostle Philip.
  • Zodiacal Sign Taurus.
  • Flower Daisy.

    She who from April dates her years
    Diamonds should wear, lest bitter tears
    For vain repentance flow. This stone
    Emblem of innocence is known .

    Innocence, repentance—sun and shower——
    The diamond or the sapphire is her dower.

Sapphire Rough and Cut photo image
Sri Lankan sapphire pair. The crystal measures 4.3 x 1.3 cm. and weighs 48.23 cts. The faceted gem measures 10.48 x 9.56 x 7.3 mm., weighs 7.13 cts., and is certified natural color from Sri Lanka. Search for the cut stone on inventory number 14737.

May

  • Natal Stone Emerald.
  • Guardian Angel Amriel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Carbuncle.
  • Special Apostle Bartholomew.
  • Zodiacal Sign Gemini.
  • Flower Hawthorn.

    Who first beholds the light of day
    In spring’s sweet, flow’ry month of May
    And wears an emerald all her life
    Shall be a loved and happy wife.

    No happier wife and mother in the land
    Than she with emerald shining on her hand.

June

  • Natal Stone Agate.
  • Guardian Angel Muriel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Emerald.
  • Special Apostle Thomas.
  • Zodiacal Sign Cancer.
  • Flower Honeysuckle.

    Who comes with summer to this earth,
    And owes to June her hour of birth,
    With ring of agate on her hand
    Can health, long life and wealth command.

    Thro’ the moss-agate’s charm, the happy years
    Ne’er see June’s golden sunshine turn to tears.

July

  • Natal Stone Turquoise.
  • Guardian Angel Verchiel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Sapphire.
  • Special Apostle Matthew.
  • Zodiacal Sign Leo.
  • Flower Water-lily.

    The heav’n-blue turquoise should adorn
    All those who in July are born;
    For thus they’ll be exempt and free
    From love’s doubts and anxiety.

    No other gem than turquoise on her breast
    Can to the loving, doubting heart bring rest.

August

  • Natal Stone Carnelian.
  • Guardian Angel Mamatiel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Diamond.
  • Special Apostle James, the son of Alpheus.
  • Zodiacal Sign Virgo.
  • Flower Poppy.

    Wear a carnelian or for thee
    No conjugal felicity
    The August-born without this stone
    ’Tis said, must live unloved, alone.

    She, loving once and always, wears, if wise
    Carnelian—and her home is paradise.

September

  • Natal Stone Chrysolite.
  • Guardian Angel Tsuriel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Jacinth.
  • Special Apostle Lebbeus Thaddeus.
  • Zodiacal Sign Libra.
  • Flower Morning-glory.

    A maid born when September leaves
    Are rustling in the autumn breeze,
    A chrysolite on brow should bind——
    ’Twill cure diseases of the mind .

    If chrysolite upon her brow is laid,
    Follies and dark delusions flee afraid.

October

  • Natal Stone Beryl.
  • Guardian Angel Bariel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Agate.
  • Special Apostle Simon. (Zelotes.)
  • Zodiacal Sign Scorpio.
  • Flower Hops.

    October’s child is born for woe,
    And life’s vicissitudes must know;
    But lay a beryl on her breast,
    And Hope will lull those woes to rest.

    When fair October to her brings the beryl,
    No longer need she fear misfortune’s peril.

November

  • Natal Stone Topaz.
  • Guardian Angel Adnachiel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Amethyst.
  • Special Apostle Matthias.
  • Zodiacal Sign Sagittarius.
  • Flower Chrysanthemum.

    Who first comes to this world below
    With drear November’s fog and snow
    Should prize the topaz’ amber hue——
    Emblem of friends and lovers true.

    Firm friendship is November’s, and she bears
    True love beneath the topaz that she wears.

December

  • Natal Stone Ruby.
  • Guardian Angel Humiel.
  • His Talismanic Gem Beryl.
  • Special Apostle Paul.
  • Zodiacal Sign Capricornus.
  • Flower Holly.

    If cold December give you birth—
    The month of snow and ice and mirth—
    Place on your hand a ruby true;
    Success will bless whate’er you do.

    December gives her fortune, love and fame
    If amulet of rubies bear her name.

Winza Ruby Ring photo image
This 3.18-carat ruby—December’s natal stone—demonstrates the limpid yet lively quality of this Winza, Tanzania material. (Photo: Mia Dixon)

Acrostics Formed with Stones

In France and England, during the 18th century, rings, bracelets, brooches, etc., were often set with gems the first letters of which, combined, formed a motto or expressed a sentiment. The following is a list of those that may be used in this way. The gems in the first column are the more expensive ones, those in the second column the inexpensive ones.

FAITH

   

HOPE

   

CHARITY

 
Fire-opal.
Alexandrite.
lolite.
Tourmaline.
Hyacinth.
Feldspar.
Amethyst.
Idocrase.
Topaz.
Heliotrope.
  Hyacinth.
Opal.
Pearl.
Emerald.
Hematite.
Olivine.
Pyrope.
Essonite.
  Carbuncle.
Hematite.
Amethyst.
Rose quartz.
Idocrase.
Topaz.
Yu (Jade).
Cat’s-eye.
Hyacinth.
Aquamarine.
Ruby.
lolite.
Tourmaline.
Yellow sapphire.

GOOD LUCK

   

FOREVER

   

REGARD

 
Golden beryl.
Opal.
Olivine.
Diamond.
 
Lapis-lazuli.
Uralian emerald.
Cat’s-eye.
Kyanite.
Garnet.
Onyx.
Obsidian.
Dendrite.
 
Labradorite.
Unio pearl.
Carnelian.
Krokydolite.
  Fire-opal.
Opal.
Ruby.
Emerald.
Vermeille.
Essonite.
Rubellite.
Flèches d’amour.
Onyx.
Rutile.
Essonite.
Verd antique.
Epidote.
Rose quartz.
  Ruby.
Emerald.
Garnet.
Alexandrite.
Ruby.
Diamond.
Rubellite.
Essonite.
Garnet.
Amethyst.
Rock-crystal.
Demantoid.

DEAREST

   

SOUVENIR

   

BONHEUR

 
Diamond.
Emerald.
Alexandrite.
Ruby.
Essonite.
Sapphire.
Turquoise.
Demantoid.
Essonite.
Amethyst.
Rubellite.
Epidote.
Spinel.
Topaz.
  Sapphire.
Opal.
Uralian emerald.
Vermeille.
Emerald.
Nephrite.
Iolite.
Ruby.
Sunstone.
Onyx.
Utahlite.
Verd antique.
Epidote.
Nephrite.
Indicolite.
Rock-crystal.
  Beryl.
Opal.
Nephrite.
Hyacinth.
Emerald.
Uralian emerald.
Ruby.
Bloodstone.
Onyx.
Nephrite.
Hematite.
Essonite.
Utahlite.
Rhodonite.

AMITIE

   

LOVE ME

   

A E I

Greek, “forever,” “eternity”
Alexandrite.
Moonstone.
Indicolite.
Tourmaline.
Idocrase.
Emerald.
Almandine.
Moonstone.
Indicolite.
Topaz
Idocrase.
Essonite.
  Lapis-lazuli.
Opal.
Vermeille.
Emerald.
 
Moonstone.
Essonite.
Labrador spar.
Onyx.
Verd antique.
Essonite.
 
Moonstone.
Epidote.
  Alexandrite.
Emerald.
Indicolite.
Almandine.
Essonite.
Idocrase.

Z E S

Greek, “Mayest thou live.”
 

MIZPAH

   

FRIENDSHIP

 
Zircon.
Emerald.
Sapphire.
Zonochlorite.
Essonite.
Sard.
  Moonstone.
Indicolite.
Zircon.
Peridot.
Asteria.
Hyacinth.
Moldavite.
Idocrase.
Zonochlorite.
Pyrope.
Aquamarine.
Hematite.
  Flèches d’amour.
Ruby.
Indicolite.
Emerald.
Nephrite.
Diamond.
Sapphire.
Hyacinth.
Iolite.
Pearl.
Feldspar.
Bock crystal.
Idocrase.
Epidote.
Nicolo.
Diopside.
Sard.
Hematite.
ldocrase.
Pyrite.
Azurite-Malachite photo image
Azurite-Malachite from Arizona. Various shapes and sizes. For reference the bullet shaped stone at lower right is 11 ct, 18.66 x 14 x 5.11 mm, Inventory #16149. Click to enlarge. (Photo: Wimon Manorotkul)

State Stones

Precious, semi-precious or gem stones are found in nearly all the United States. The most important are enumerated below:

Alabama Beryl, blue and yellow; smoky quartz.
Arizona Agatized wood, azur-malachite, turquoise, garnet., peridot.
Arkansas Rock crystal, smoky quartz, agate, novaculite.
California Agate, benitoite, californite, diamond, gold quartz, tourmaline, abalone pearl, chrysoprase, kunzite.
Colorado Beryl, aquamarine, phenacite, garnet, amethyst, agate, gold quartz, pyrite.
Connecticut Beryl, yellow and green; rose quartz; tourmaline.
Delaware Pearl.
Florida Chalcedony, conch pearl.
Georgia Ruby, beryl, amethyst, gold quartz, garnet.
Idaho Opal, agate, obsidian.
Illinois Fluorite, pearl.
Indian Territory Obsidian, pearl.
Indiana Pearl.
Iowa Fossil coral, pearl, chalcedony.
Kansas Chalcedony.
Kentucky Pearl.
Louisiana Chalcedony.
Maryland Beryl, clam-pearl.
Massachusetts Beryl.
Maine Tourmaline, beryl, rose quartz, pearl, topaz, amazonite, smoky quartz, rock crystal.
Michigan Agate, hematite.
Minnesota Chlorastrolite, thomsonite, agate.
Mississippi Pearl, chalcedony.
Missouri Pearl, fluorite, pyrite.
Montana Sapphire, beryl, smoky quartz, agate, amethyst, agatized wood, obsidian.
Nebraska Chalcedony, pearl.
Nevada Gold quartz, rock crystal.
New Hampshire Beryl, rock crystal, garnet.
New Jersey Fowlerite, willemite, prehnite, smoky quartz, agate, pearl.
New Mexico Turquoise, garnet., obsidian, peridot, rock crystal.
New York Beryl, brown tourmaline, rose quartz, fresh-water pearl, clam-pearl, chondrodite.
North Carolina Aquamarine, beryl, emerald, almandite garnet., rhodolite, pyrope garnet, diamond, cyanite, hiddenite, amethyst, ruby, sapphire, smoky quartz, rock crystal, rutile.
North Dakota Chalcedony, agate.
Ohio Fossil coral, chalcedony.
Oregon Agate, obsidian, hydrolite.
Pennsylvania Amethyst, beryl, sunstone, moonstone, amazonite, almandite garnet., pyrope garnet. rutile.
Rhode Island Hornblende in quartz, amethyst, rock crystal.
South Carolina Beryl, smoky quartz, rock crystal.
South Dakota Quartzite, beryl, agate.
Tennessee Pearl.
Texas Beryl, pearl.
Utah Topaz, garnet.
Vermont Beryl, pearl.
Virginia Amethysts, spessarite, garnet., beryl, moonstone, staurolite. allanite.
Washington Pearl, agate.
West Virginia Rock crystal.
Wisconsin Agate, pearl.
Wyoming Moss-agate, agate.

Precious and Semi-Precious Stones

Unmounted Stones and Notable Collections.

Tiffany & Co.’s connections in many different countries and their facilities for securing the choicest gems from first hands, enable them to maintain the most comprehensive stock and to offer patrons many other advantages not obtainable elsewhere.

Tiffany Building photo image
The Tiffany Building, New York, not long after the publication of G. F. Kunz’s Natal Stones. (Photo: Detroit Publishing Co., Library of Congress)

With their expert precious stone and gem lapidaries, as well as gem engravers, they are in a position to recut gems for matching chipped or poorly cut diamonds or other gems, and also to cut or recut any precious stone or gem directly from the rough; to engrave crests, monograms or other devices on sapphires, alexandrites, topaz, bloodstone, sard or other stones for seals or signet rings, or to execute, to special order, caskets, vinaigrettes, or other objects of rock crystal, jade and other hard stones.

The vigilant scrutiny constantly employed absolutely guards against the admission of any inferior stones to their stock.

Some collections of veritable antique intaglios and scarabæi engraved on sards, carnelians, chalcedonies, bloodstones, garnets, or other gems, all obtained from either well-known collectors or authorities.

Carbon, carbonado or bort from Brazil for diamond drills and mining operations, in quantities of few carats up to parcels containing thousands of carats.

The gems of the birth-month are frequently mounted into rings, charms, and other devices, with the zodiacal signs wrought into the settings, also the flower of the month, etc.

Collections:

The following are among the notable collections of precious and semi-precious stones prepared by Tiffany & Co. for International Expositions.

1915 San Francisco, California, Mines and Mining Building, Panama-Pacific Exposition collection.

1907 Jamestown Exposition Collection, Gold Medal.

1905 Portland, Oregon, Exposition collection, awarded two gold medals.

1904 St. Louis Exposition collection. Grand Prize.

1902 Turin Exposition collection, Hors Concours, awarded special diploma of merit.

1901 Buffalo Exposition collection, awarded gold medal, presented by the late J. Pierpont Morgan, Esq., to the Musee Histoire Naturelles, Jardin des Plantes, Paris.

1900 Paris Exposition collection, awarded the Grand Prix, and was presented by the late J. Pierpont Morgan, Esq., to the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

1895 Atlanta Exposition collection, presented by Dr. L. T. Chamberlain to the United States National Museum, Washington.

1894 special collection, purchased by the Midwinter Fair Memorial Museum of San Francisco.

1893 Chicago Exposition collection received several special awards, and was purchased by the “Field Columbian Museum,” Chicago.

1889 Paris Exposition collection awarded two gold and one silver medals, was presented by the late J. Pierpont Morgan, Esq., to the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

1878 Paris Exposition collection, awarded the Grand Prix.

1867 Paris Exposition, awarded a gold medal.

Unmounted Stones

Tiffany & Co.’s stock of unmounted stones includes the following:

Phenomenal Gems

Chrysoberyl Cat’s-eye, Alexandrite Cat’s-eye, Alexandrite, Ruby and Sapphire Asteria, Moonstone—with light blue and white chatoyancy.

Alexandrite

Leaf or olive green by natural or day-light, and columbine or raspberry red by artificial light, from Ceylon and Takawaja, Asiatic Russia.

Amethyst

Rich royal purple, from the Ural Mountains and Auvergne, France. Red by artificial light, from the Ural Mountains, Fine purple from Brazil, South America, North Carolina, and Virginia.

Aquamarine

Deep blue, from Brazil; green and blue. from Connecticut, the Ural Mountains, Siberia, and North Carolina; light blue and light green, from California and Maine.

Aquamarine photo image
A flawless 22-carat natural aquamarine, October’s natal stone, with an exquisite radiant-style faceting. This stone has been sold. (Photo: MIa Dixon)

Asteria

Light blue, blue, purple, light red, and ruby red, from Ceylon and Burmah.

Azur-Malachite

Blue and green mixture. Arizona.

Benitoite

Blue, from California.

Beryl

Light blue and green, from Maine, North Carolina, Connecticut, Colorado. Brazil, and Siberia. Deep blue, from California, North Carolina and Brazil. Yellow, and yellow Ural Mountains, and Siberia. Rose, Madagascar and California.

Californite

California.

Chlorastrolite

From Isle Royal, Lake Superior. Chrysoberyl Light yellow, golden yellow, yellow brown, yellowish green, sage green, green, olive green, from Brazil and Ceylon.

Chrysoberyl Cat’s-eye

Light yellow. yellow, yellowish brown, and green, from Brazil an Ceylon. Also Alexandrite Cat’s-eyes, green by day and red by night, from Ceylon.

Chrysocolla

Sky blue, Arizona.

Diamond

From India, Brazil, and South Africa. White. steel blue, rose colored, lemon and orange, yellow, cinnamon, light green, brown black, and a large assortment of rare and curious tints, from which material for a necklace, brooch, ring, or other jewel can be selected.

Emerald

Rich velvet and grass-green, from the Muso mine, New Granada. Light green from Takawaja, Asiatic Russia, and New South Wales.

Essonite

Or Hyacinths, from Ceylon.

Garnet

Rich red, almost ruby red, from Arizona, New Mexico, and South Africa. Purple and almandine, from India and Bohemia. Honey yellow (essonite or hyacinth variety), from Ceylon. Honey brown, reddish brown (spessartite variety), from Virginia. Green (demantoid variety), rich, vivid green, green, yellow green, from the Ural Mountains.

Jade

Under this name two entirely distinct mineral substances are used in the arts. Jade or Nephrite is 6.5 in hardness, and is one of the toughest minerals known. It is a silicate of magnesia with a schistose and often a felt-like structure. It has a specific gravity of about 2.9; occurs in various shades of green, also white, and can be highly polished. This mineral is often found in large pieces. A waterworn boulder found in western New Zealand weighs 7,500 lbs. It was purchased by Tiffany & Co., and is now in possession of the American Museum of Natural History. Nephrite is also found in Siberia and Alaska. It is cut into vases, cigarette cases, cigar boxes, candlesticks, portrait frames, and other art objects; also slabs a quarter of an inch in thickness, three feet in length and two feet in width. The rich green color and translucency of the mineral make it very appropriate for art objects.
Jadeite has a hardness of 7 and a specific gravity of 3.1 to 3.5. Its structure is more crystalline than that of Nephrite. It is a silicate of alumina. The color varies greatly—sometimes intensely white with splashes or spots of the richest emerald green, and, again, lavender-colored spots are associated with the green. The mineral is found principally at Bhamo, Burmah, and was also known in ancient Mexico. The bright spots are usually cut out for rings or necklace stones; sometimes, however, a field of white is left around them so as to cast them in relief. These latter pieces are cut into pendants, spheres for necklaces, and a great variety of other ornaments.
Tiffany & Co. are prepared to make art objects of any size from these minerals.

Kunzite

Rich lilac, pink, and rose, from near Pala, California.

Morganite Variety of Beryl

Rich rose, red, from Madagascar and California.

Moss Agate

From Wyoming, India, and Brazil.

Opal

Precious variety from the State of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Queensland, New South Wales, and Hungary. Fire opal, limpid and deep red, from Mexico.

Pearl

From Ceylon, Persian Gulf, Western Australia, and Sulu Archipelago. Perfectly white Oriental pearls of exceptional size and beauty. Black and gray pearls from the Lower California coast. Pink or conch pearls from Florida and the West Indies. White, pink, brown, purple, and other colored pearls from the fresh-water brooks of Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Texas, Kentucky, and Wisconsin rivers. Purple and black pearls from the common clam of Long Island Sound and the Atlantic coast. Green or iridescent pearls from the abalones or earshells of the California coast, Japan and Korea.

Peridot

(Olivine and Chrysolite.) Rich olive green, from Egypt. Small olive green, yellow green, from Arizona and New Mexico.

Phenacite

From Takawaja, Asiatic Russia, and Colorado and Maine.

Rhodonite

Rich flesh red, from the Ural Mountains, and Cummington, Mass.

Rock Crystal

From North Carolina and California, in pieces large enough to cut into jewel caskets, bonbonnières, vinaigrettes, hand mirrors, clockcases and other small objects of art.

Ruby

Pigeon’s-blood red, from Burmah. Light red, with tint of purple, from Ceylon and North Carolina. Dark beef-blood red, from Siam, and light red, from the Ural Mountains.

Rutilated Quartz

From North Carolina and Switzerland.

Rutile

From North Carolina.

Sapphire

Cornflower blue, dark velvet blue (bleu de roi), from Ceylon. Light blue, peacock blue, from Burmah and Siam. Green, lemon and straw yellow, salmon-colored pink, heliotrope purple, white and other colors, from Ceylon, Burmah, Siam, Montana, and the Ural Mountains.

Spinel

Ruby red, flame red, yellowish red, pink, purple, blue, blue green, and green in a variety of tints, from Ceylon, Siam, and Burmah.

Tiffanyite

Bluish white diamond that absorbs sunlight and artificial light, giving it out in the dark, from the Borgogem Mine, Brazil, S.A.

Topaz

Wine yellow, pink, white, and sherry colored, from Brazil. Salmon colored, light blue, light green, white, from Colorado and the Ural Mountains.

Tourmaline

Light green, olive green, grass-green, dark green, from Maine, California, and Brazil. Blue (indicolite), from Maine and Brazil. Red, pink (rubelite), from California, Maine, Brazil, and the Ural Mountains. Brown, from Ceylon and Carinthia. White (achroite), from Brazil and Maine.

Turquoise

Sky blue, from Persia. Fine sky blue and robin’s-egg blue, from New Mexico.

Utahite

Golden green, often banded with yellow, from Utah.

Zircon

Yellow, honey yellow, yellow green, light green, brownish green, green, yellow brown, brown, white, cinnamon, from Ceylon and Australia.

Zircon photo image
Evergreen. Green zircon, 20.85 carats, cushion cut, 16.15 x 15.80 x 8.79 mm. This stone has been sold. (Photo: Mia Dixon)

See also our Birthstones page.

 


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